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    TIRTHANKARA BHAGWAN

 

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                 Bhagwam Mahavira

A Tirthankar is the founder of a "Tirth", a Jain community which acts as a "ford"    
across the "river of human misery". A Tirthankar ("Ford-maker") (also Tirthankara or
Jina) is a human who achieves enlightenment (perfect knowledge), through 
asceticism. He becomes a Jina (after totally conquering anger, pride, deceit, desire, 
etc.). The Tirthankars are also called Arihantas. Arihanta means destroyer of 
enemies. Here the enemy means the enemies of the soul. These are internal enemies 
and are defined as the passion of anger, ego, greed, and deceit ( Krodh, maan,  
maya, lobh) etc. A soul can only reach the state of Arihanta by overcoming all its
inner enemies. A person When destroys all the four ghati karmas means they are
totally detached from all worldly aspects and then he becomes an Arihant and 
attains the perfect knowledge, vision, power, and bliss. He is omniscient of the 
attains the perfect knowledge, vision, power, and bliss. He is omniscient of the 
philosophy of life and the path of liberation. At the end of human life after shedding 
the remain four aghati karmas they attain complete liberation and become Arhihants 
also called Tirthankaras.
 
 

 Arihantas have two categories:
 
  •    Tirthankara
  •   kevali (ordinary)

Arihantas are those who have attained Tirthankar Nam Karmawhile the rest 
of them are called Ordinary kevali Arihants. 
The ordinary kevalies after attaining salvation, they are called Siddhas.
 
In the life of a Tirthankar the five Kalyanaks are celebrated. These are
as follows: -
  • Garbh Kalyanak
  • Janam Kalyanak
  • Tap Kalyanak
  • Keval Gyaan Kalyanak
  •  Nirvaan Kalyanak
 
Twenty-four Tirthankaras are born during this descending part of the time cycle 
(Avasarpini Kaal) of this region (Bharat Kshetra) which are listed below 
along with their symbol: -

SN

Name

Symbole

01

RishabNath j

Bull

02

Ajit Nath ji       

Elephant

03

 Sambhava Nath ji

 Horse

04

 Abhinandan Nath ji 

 Monkey

05

Sumiti Nath ji

 Curlew-CHAKVA

06

  Padam Prabhu ji

  Lotus

07

Suparshva Nath ji

  Swastik

08

Chandra Prabhu ji

  Moon

09-

  Pushp Danta ji 

  Crocodile

10

Shital Nath ji 

 Kalp Vraksh

11

Shreyansh Nathji

Rhino

12

Vashu Pujya ji 

Buffalo

13

Vimal Nath ji 

Bear

14

Anant Nath ji

SEHI

15

Dharm Nath ji

 Vajra-dand

16

Shanti Nath ji 

Deer

17

 Kunthu Nath ji

He goat

18

Arah Nath j

Fish

19

Malli Nath ji

Kumbh

20

Muni Suvarta

Tortoise

21

Nami Nath ji 

Blue Lotus

22

Nemi Nath ji

 Conch-shank

23

Parshva Nath ji 

Snake

24

Mahavir Ji         

 lion

 
Jains do not ask for any favor or material benefits from their Gods, 
the Tirthankars or even from monks and nuns. It is considered auspicious 
to remember the names of all the Tirthankars and worship them.
      
                                                                       The End.
Note:-The words shown in Italic are from Prakrit Language.

 

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