Jai Mahavir ji

To the west of Bhubaneswar are the twin hills of Khandagiri and Udaygiri (c. first century BC), the next major Orissan historical monument after Ashoka's rock-cut edict.

The famous temples of Orissa are as follows: -

  Shri Khandgiri-Udaygiri Tirth (Orissa)     


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Location:-It is on the high Khandgiri hill at distance of 6 Kilometers from Bhuvaneshvar.


To the west of Bhubaneswar are the twin hills of Khandagiri and Udaygiriand The Udaygiri hill is just in front of the Khandgiri hill.

  The inscription of the Elephant Cave here is regarded to be the oldest of all inscriptions. It has archaeological significance. It is nearly 2300 years old. They were the work of the first known Orissan ruler, King Kharavela, and probably begun in the first century BC. Kharavela was a king of the Mahameghavahana dynasty, who is known for expansion of the Kalinga Empire. A number of inscriptions and artistic idols carved in the caves here are very fascinating and spectacular. The ancient idols in the caves of both these hills are hardly seen elsewhere.



As you approach the site, Khandagiri, with its 15 caves and four Jain temples will be on the left and Udaygiri will be on the right. The 18 caves of Udaygiri include the famous Hathi Gumpha ('Elephant Cave') with its famous inscription of Kharavela. From the inscription, we learn much about Kharavela's military exploits, and also that his royal city had gate towers, bathing and drinking tanks, and was the scene of formally organized music and dance performances, as well as sporting and social events. The city, says the inscription, "was made to dance with joy". Kharavela was evidently a skilled musician, and it seems as if he created a remarkable center of the arts.

The history of this pilgrimage is believed to belong to the times of Adishvar. The Vedic people called the people of this place, Anarya Karakandu; the king of this place was a disciple of Bhagawan Parshvanath. He was a staunch follower of the Jain religion. In olden times, this was called the Kaling region. Many brave and strong Jain Kings ruled here. They inspired unbroken faith and devotion to the Jain religion Bhagawan Parshvanath often came here wandering about. There is a mention that the samavasarana of Bhagawan Mahavir was set up here.


All of the caves are small, and follow the natural configurations of the 'living rock'. The sculpture throughout exhibits a strong, lively folk element, which has been executed with a sure and confident hand. Already, the spaces are filled with animal, human, and divine personages and decorative details, showing at an early stage the love of the Orissan artist for richly elaborated scenes.

Services: -

Air: - Bhubaneswar is connected by air with major cities within India.

Trains: - Bhubaneswar is connected by trains on Delhi -Howrah route.

Roads: - These caves are at a distance of 6 kilometers away from Bhubaneswar.

Addresses: -

Tourist office: -Utkalika, B/4 Baba Kharak Singh Marg, New Delhi Pin - 110001, Tele fax:(011) 23364580,

Tourist office:-Jayadev Marg, Pin 751002, Bhubaneshwar. Tel: (0674) 2431299

 Govt of India, Tourist office. B-21, BJB Nagar, Bhubaneswar,Pin - 751014, Telefax: (0674)2432203, email:goitobhub@ori.nic.

References: - for details about Maps of India or State, National highways & road network, Air Lines, railways, boarding and lodging etc check the index page Jain temples.

Dharamshala in Orissa.

Khandagiri - Udayagiri Digambar Jain Siddakshetra,

Khandagiri  Udayagiri, Near Bhuvaneshwar


Sri Digambar Jain Bhavan,

Chowdhari Bazaar, Cuttak


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