www.jainpushp.org                         Jainpushp

                                           

     

 

 

 

 

     Jai Mahavir ji

 
Digambar Jain Religious and spiritual path & Practices
 
 
An exclusive web site dedicated to Jainism.
 
 
 
One source for information related to universal message of Jainism and Jain philosophy.

*

 

  

 

    Home
   
Mandir Jee
   
News and views
   
Jainism

   
Fundamentals
   
Make Donations
   
Kid's world
   
Jains Groups
   
Jains Web Sites

   Guiding features
   
Contact Us

 

 

 

THE NARRATIVE OF VARISHEN KUMAR IN STHITIKARAN ANGA

 

Raja Shrenik, who was the king of Magadh desh, lived with his queen Chelna and son Varishen at Rajgrahi, the capital of Magadh Desh. Varishen was a true Shravak and adopted the Panch Anuvratas i.e. Non-Violence (Ahimsa), Truth (Satya), Non-stealing (Achaurya), Chastity (Brahmacharya) and limited essential holdings (Aparigraha). Once, on the night of Chaturdarshi, Varishen fasted and stood statuesque (Kayatsarga) in a crematory for deep meditation.

                                 .                                                                     .

On this day, Magadh Sundari, a prostitute of the town, happened to see a beautiful necklace of Shree Kirti Sethani while she was in a garden. The necklace was not only very beautiful but also very costly. The prostitute took a great fancy for it and desired to have it. She felt that without the necklace, her life was of no use ; and she laid herself on cot and was full of grief. At night, Vidyut, one of her admirer, came to her house and found her very sad and unhappy. He enquired from the prostitute, the reason for her grief. Magadh Sundari told him about the necklace of Shri Kirti Sethani, and asked him to bring it to her at any cost. She added that if he did not bring the necklace to her, she would not only make no more love with him, but she may even die. Vidyut, on hearing this, promised to bring the necklace for her and went to the palace of shri Kirti Sethani. He stole the necklace, and while leaving the palace, the shine and glitter of the necklace alerted the guards, who followed him. He tried to escape, but when he could not do so, he threw away the necklace, which fell at the place where Varishen, was meditating in the crematory and he hide himself behind a tree. Varishen, who was in deep meditation, knew nothing about this matter. When

41

 

 

the guards, who were running after the thief came there, they saw the necklace near Varishen and thought that he was the thief. The guards reported the matter to the king, who became very angry and ordered that the head of Varishen be chopped off.

The hangman was immediately called and was ordered to chop off the head of Varishen. But as soon as

 he tried to chop off his head, the sword was transformed into a garland and encircled the neck of Varishen. As soon as Raja Shrenik came to know of this, he rushed to Varishen and begged for pardon. Vidyutchor also came there and disclosed the facts, admitted his guilt and begged for mercy.

Raja Shrenik after knowing that Varishen was not guilty, asked him to return to the palace, but Varishen refused to do so and expressed his desire to adopt Jain deeksha. Later he became a Muni under the auspices of Guru Sursena and adopted the way of penance.

One day, Varishen went to Palashkuta-a town near Rajgrahi for his meal (Ahar). He met a friend of his childhood named Pushapadal. Pushapadal was the son  of Agnibhuti, who was then a minister of Raja Shrenik. Pushapadal bowed to the Muni and took him to his house for food. He himself offered the food (Ahar) to the Muni and accepted him as his Guru. Thereafter, Pushapadal, after telling his wife Somitta, went with Muni Varishen to see him off to the place of his living in the forest. The forest was quiet and far∑ away and, therefore, they continued to walk together for a long time. Pushapadal was tired and wanted to return home. Several times, he drew the attention of the Muni by saying Namostu. But, as Muni was Avadhigyani (could read his thoughts and his future), he understood his

42

 

 

desire and did not permit him to go back. He held his hand and took him into the forest. Muni Varishen preached him Jain Philosophy and inculcated a desire for asceticism in him. As a result, Pushapadal became a Muni, but could not forget his wife Somilla. Mohakarma, was still so strong with him and had not been conquered.

 

Muni Varishen and Muni Pushapadal both traveled together for twelve years. Once, they went to the Samavsharan of Lord Mahavira. In this Samavsharan a song was being sung by celestial beings about worldly creatures. The meaning of this song was that whenever, the husband went away, the wife, in his absence, never put on ornaments out of grief and loneliness. But, if the husband left the house for ever, how could one expect the wife to survive. On hearing this song, Pushapadal was reminded of his wife, he became sad, and started for his house to meet Somilla. Muni Varishen knew his feeling and he thought that it was necessary to reinstate his mind; -otherwise his past penance for attaining salvation would be wasted. (This is the Sthitikaran Anga). He, therefore, first went to Rajgrahi with Pushapadal. Queen Chelna, the mother of Muni Varishen saw both of them and some doubt arose in her mind about his son's return. With a view to test and find the cause of their return, she offered them two seats,' one made of gold (Saraag Asana) and the other of wood (Veetrag Asan). Varishen sat on the wooden seat i.e. Veetrag Asana and Pushapadal sat on the golden seat i.e. Saraag Asana. Varishen, then asked his mother to call all his 32 queens, who were young and most ≠beautiful, Chelna called all her daughter-in- Jaws. All of them came, well dressed, and were wearing precious ornaments, and stood before the Muni. Varishen, then asked Pushapadat to accept his kingdom and all his queens. The wife of Pushapadal was nothing in

43

 

comparison to these beautiful queens of Varishen. Pushapadal understood the situation and felt ashamed. He immediately changed his mind and reverted back to true asceticism. He started a course of penance and destroyed all his Karmik matter.

Thus Varishen had steadied the wavering mind of Muni Pushapadal to the path of true Dharma and presented an ideal example of the Sthitikaran Angaof Samyagdarshan.

44

 

 

 

THE NARRATIVE OF VISQNUKUMAR MUNI IN VATSALYAANGA

 

There was a king named Shrivarma. He was living in the city of Ujjani in Avanti Desh. The king had four ministers, Bali, Brashaspati, Prahlad and Namuchi.

Once Acharya Akampana a Muni, who was Avadhinjnani (Divya Gyani) came to Ujjayni with his five hundred disciples and stayed in one of the king's garden. Through his Avadhi Gyan, Muni Akampanacharya perceived trouble for the Sangh in that city. He, therefore, warned all his disciples that whenever the king Shrivarma came to pay homage to them, they should not speak. If they spoke to him there would be great trouble and the entire Sangh might be killed.

One day, King Shrivarma, who did not know about this matter, saw a crowd of people passing by his palace with items of worship. He asked his ministers where so many people were going because it was not a season of pilgrimage. The ministers informed him that a Muni sangh had arrived and was staying in one of the king's gardens just out side the city. As the king was religious minded he went to have darshan of the Muni Sangh. The ministers, who were not religious minded had to accompany him reluctantly. The king had darshan of all the Munis one by one, but no one blessed him. He felt that they were all absorbed in deep meditation. The king was happy and praised them a lot. When the king was returning, his wicked ministers gave him a wrong interpretation. They derided the Munis and told the king that they were not Munis, but they were all bullocks. They did not know any thing and were all foolish, and that is why all the Munis were silent. While

45

 

 

they were placing such things with the king, one of the Sangh's Muni named Shrutsagar was returning from the city after taking his meals i.e. Ahar. On seeing him, the ministers said to the king. "0 Rajan! See! one of the Sangh's Munis is coming back after taking meals. He seems to be the youngest bull". On hearing these

intolerable words the Muni started discussion with them                                                                                            intolerable words the Muni started discussion With them     

about religious matters. The ministers, who were

ignorant of religion and Jainism could not discuss with

the Muni. So they failed miserably and had to cut a        

sorry figure. All the ministers felt bad about it and        

decided to take revenge on the Muni Sangh.

When Muni Shrutsagar reached the Sangh, he told his Guru about all that had happened. Akampanacharya informed him that it might bring death to the Sangh. He told the Muni, that if he went back to the place of the discussion and stood their for the whole night, then the mistake might be rectified and the Sangh might be saved. The Muni, being an obedient pupil, went back to the place of discussion and started meditation in a standing position i.e. Kayotsarg.

All the ministers, who felt insulted and were revengeful on having been defeated during religious discussions, were determined to take revenge on the Muni sangh. They all moved at night towards the Sangh with the intention of killing Munis. But, on the way they met Muni Shrutsagar in the Kayotsarg position. They thought that as he was the only Muni, who had brought shame to them, he must be killed. Having so decided they all took out their weapons and got ready to kill the Muni. At that time Nagardevta appeared and made them still like stone and they could neither move nor do anything. The next day everyone saw them in the same position. When the king heard about it and also saw the

46

 

scene himself, he lost his temper. As they had served him for many years, he did not give them any major punishment, but publicly insulted them and exiled them from his kingdom.

At that time there lived a king named Mahapadma at Hastinapur of Kurujungle Desh. His wife was Lakshmimati and they had two sons named Padma and Vishnu. The king, who had good personality and was religious minded ruled over his kingdom justly. As a result all the people in his kingdom were happy and satisfied.

Having ruled for a long time, the king Mahapadma gave up his kingdom to his elder son Padma and he along with his younger son Vishnu went to Acharya Shrutsagar. Both of them earnestly requested the Acharya to give them Deeksha. The Acharya on realising their keen desire and their simplicity and the purity of their thoughts gave them Deeksha. Thus, the king Mahapadma and his younger son Vishnu became Munis.

After sometime all the four exiled ministers of Shrivarma went to king Padma at Hastinapur and became his ministers.

At that time in the city of Kumbhpur, there lived a king named Sinhabal who was a, powerful person and was causing trouble for Padmaraja in Hastinapur. Padmaraja was growing weaker and weaker with worries day by day.

One day one of his minister Bali, asked the king why he was worried. The king told him that the king Sinhabal had a strong fort, and because of that fort his own

47

 

 

 

position had become very weak. On hearing this Bali

 became very angry and with the permission of the king Padmaraja, attacked and destroyed the fort of Sinhabal, and brought Sinhabal before king Padmaraja. This pleased Padmaraja so much that he granted him one boon. Bali was happy, but very shrewd and intelligent. He told the king that he needed nothing at the, time but he would ask for his boon whenever he needed it.

After a long time Akampanacharya came to Hastinapur with his 700 disciples. When the Muni Sangha's entered Hastinapur, everyone came to have the Sangha's darshan. Bali, Brahspati, Prahlad and Namauchi recognised the Sangha at once and decided to take revenge. But they thought, their king was a devotee of the Muni Sangha and he would not tolerate any trouble to the Sangha. So they drew a plan and Bali asked for the boon from the king. He asked for the kingís crown for himself for seven days only. According to the given word, Padmaraja gave him his kingdom for seven days and retired to his palace.

Now Bali' started causing trouble to the Sangha. He started a Yajna (sacrificial performance) at the place where all the Munis of the Sangha were meditating on their souls. He surrounded the place with all types of dirt such as defiled pots, dead skins, old leather etc. and put them to fire. When Munis realised what was happening they vowed to abstain from the four kinds of foods (Khadya, Svadya, Leha and Peya i.e. rice, chapati etc. Ladu, Chuda etc.,Chatani, Achar etc. and Juice, Milk etc.) till calamity (upsarga) was over.

Meanwhile, in Mithilanagari, there was Avadhinjani Acharya whose name was Shrutsagar. One day, at midnight he Came out and saw Shravan Nakshatra (a

48

 

 

star) trembling in the sky. Seeing this Nakshatra he, through his Avadhigyan, came to know about the calamity (upsarga) on Muni Sangha. He was in Mithila and the upsarga was being arranged to the Sangha in Hastinapur. There was a long distance. He had no Ridhi. Also, he was not Vidyadhar, but, through his Avadhigyan, he knew everything about the upsarga in Hastinapur. At that time a Kshullaka named Pushpadhari, who was Vidhyadar, was with Acharyaji. Acharya told Kshullaka all about the upsarga. So he asked the Acharya where the upsarga was and how could it be removed. Acharya told him that in Hastinapur there was a Muni Sangha of 700 Munirajas headed by Akampanacharya. Wicked ministers of the king were causing upsarga on this sangha. He further told him that on Dharanibhushan Parvat there was Vishnukumar Muni, who had Vaikriya Ridhi and was capable of removing the upsarga. The Kshullaka received permission from the Acharya immediately to go to Vishnukumar Muni through his Vidya. After meeting he told Vishnukumar all about the upsarga and Muni Shrutsagar. Vishnukumar had attained the Vaikriya Ridhi, but he had never used it. He was a great saint. Because of his great penance, many other Ridhis were achieved by him. But his aim was to achieve Moksha (salvation) and not to achieve any Ridhi, so he did not know about it.

In Jain religion, important things are Samyagdarshan, Samyaggyan and Samyagcharitra. Unity of all these three is a path to Moksha. Before achieving Moksha the Digamber Munis achieve many kinds of Ridhis, but they do not use them for themselves. But they may use their Ridhis for protection of Jain Darshan and Jain Munis etc.

49

 

 

Vishnukumar Muni heard the matter from the Kshullaka. Then to test his Ridhi, Vishnukumar Muni extended his hand. Due to his Vaikriya Ridhi his hand reached across the mountain and so it was confirmed that he had this and he immediately proceeded to Hastinapur. Straight away, he went to Padmaraja and asked him what the matter was? He told the king that for many generations they had been respecting the Jain religion and the Digamber Munis. He further asked why he had been causing upsarg to Muni Sangha. Hearing it Padmaraja told Vishnukumar that the Kingdom was taken by minister Bali for seven days and his four ministers were ruling it. They were troubling the Munis.

Vishnukumar then disguised himself as a dwarf Brahmin and went where the ministers were performing the Yajna and troubling the Muni Sangha. After the Brahmin started reciting Ved Mantras, Bali was attracted to this Brahmin and became pleased with his recitals. So he told him to ask for a boon for himself for a reward. It was the golden opportunity for the Brahmin. He asked for a piece of land as much as could be covered by his three steps (feet). Bali said "Brahmin! You may get many things. What is the importance of this small piece of land? The Brahmin told him that he did not need anything more than that much land. So Bali agreed to it and asked him to have it anywhere.

Then the Brahmin (Vishnukumar) enlarged his body so much that his first step fell on the Meru Parvat and next on the Manushottar Parvat, thus covering the whole of the Earth with his two steps. Then with his third step he covered the Dev Vimans etc. and finally stepped on the back of Bali. Bali became afraid of the Brahmin, asked for forgiveness from him and was made to free the whole Muni Sangha from upsarga or calamity.

50

 

 

Vishnukumar then gave up his disguise and went to the Sangha. They did Namostu to each other. Bali also came there and did Namostu to them. He asked for forgiveness from them. They were great spiritual and soft hearted saints. So, on the spot, they forgave him for his mistakes and blessed him.

Thus Vishnukumar Muni saved the whole Muni Sangha from upsarga and presented an ideal in Vatsalya Anga of Samyagdarshan. Every one's vatsalya (feeling of love and well being of all) should be like that of Vishnukumar Muni. It should be without any selfish motive as is of a cow for her calf. The cow does not expect anything from the calf. This Anga must be observed by everyone in his life.

 

 

 

THE NARRATIVE OF V AJRAKUMAR IN PRABHAVANA  ANGA

 

In Hastinapur, there was once a king named Bal. He had a family priest, named Garud. Graud had a son named Somdatta who had acquired all-round knowledge by reading religious as well as general books. Then he went to Ahichhatrapur where his maternal uncle lived. Somdatta told his uncle that he wanted to meet Durmukha Raja, but because his uncle Subhuti was proud, he did not take him to meet Durmukha Raja. Therefore, Somdatta went alone to meet the king, he bowed to the king and talked about religious topics. The discussion was very impressive and on account of his intelligence he was made one of the king's minister. His uncle married his daughter named 'Yanjadatta' to him.

 

Once when Yanjadatta was pregnant, she wanted to eat mangoes, so her husband Somdatta went out in search of Mangoes. But it was a rainy season i.e. no season of mangoes. Mango season comes once in a year. How was it possible to find a mango? But when luck favours nothing is impossible. Luckily it was Varshayog Acharya Somitracharya was doing Chaturmas in the forest and was meditating under a mango tree. Though it was not mango season, but due to hard penance of Digambar Muni that mango tree was having very tasty mangoes. When Somdatta arrived there he was impressed with the power of the Muni's penance and plucked the mangoes and sent them to Yanjadatta through his servant. He himself stayed there and listened to religious speech and about the soul from the Muni. He listened and thought over it deeply. Then he left all his worldly enjoyment and took Jain Deeksha from the Guru. He studied Agams thoroughly and became perfect. Then he went to Nabhigiri Parvat and

52

 

 

stood there to perform Atapan Yog.

 

Yanjadatta gave birth to a son. She heard that her husband had taken Munideeksha. She with her child went to her parent's house. One day she went to Nabhigiri Parvat with her brother. She saw her husband Somdatta Muni there. He was in "Atapan Yog". He was absorbed in his soul and was unaware of all the outside things. She became angry and put her son on his feet and shouted at him. Becoming stone-hearted she left her son there and went back to her parentís house.

No sooner she left the place; a Vidhyadhar named Divakardeva of Amaravati came there and saw the Muni Somdatta and the child lying at his feet. Vidhyadhar had been banished by his younger brother Purander; he became very happy having Darshan of the Muni and seeing the child. Because he was issueless, he took the child and gave to his wife who was accompanying him. They carried the child with them and named him Vajrakumar. Vajrakumar started his studies at the house of his maternal uncle Vimal Vahan in the city of Kanak. As he grew up, he became perfect in all the arts such as music, dancing, playing etc.

 

At this time Garudh Veg and Anantveg's daughter ≠Pavan Veg were trying to acquire Pranjapati Vidya on Hemant Parvat. She was alert, careful about the Vidya and was busy in trying to acquire it for many days. But a small thorn blew in her eye which pained her so much that she was disturbed in her concentration. So she worried about it. But by good luck suddenly, Vajra Kumar came and saw her in that position. He was kind, skillful and intelligent, he removed the thorn from her eye carefully and Pavan Veg could concentrate again and acquired the Vidya. After getting the Vidya she

53

 

 

expressed her desire to marry with Vajrakumar because she got Vidya with his help. So she married Vajrakumar and lived with him happily.

 

One day Vajrakumar requested Divakardeva Vidyadhar to tell him about his real parents. So with all the information about his parents Vajrakumar went to have darshan of his father who was in the Southern cave of Mathura. Divakardeva and other relatives also went there. Divakardeva did Namostu to the Muni Somdatta i.e. to Vajrakumar's father and told him about Vajrakumar. Vajrakumar, then, went back to his house and he too, became a Muni.

 

At that time, king Putigandha was ruling in Mathura with his queen Urvila. Urvila was Samyagdrasti and taken a keen interest in doing Prabhavna of the Jain religion. In the Ashtanhika Parvas, which appear thrice in a year, she was performing the chariot festival.

In the same city, there lived Sagardatta and his wife Samudradatta who had a daughter Daridra by name. One day, after the death of her father, Daridra was sitting on some garbage and was eating dirty and defiled food. Somdatta and Vajradatta Munis were entering the city for their meals and they saw her in that position. The younger Muni asked the elder Muni about that poor fellow as to how hard was her life and how she would spend her future life. The elder Muni told him that she would be the queen of the city's king. There was a Budha-Bhikshuk moving in search of his food who heard the Muni's words. Budha sadhu knew that a Muni never tells a lie. So, he took her with him as his own daughter.

When she grew up, she used to swing in front of

54

 

 

Bhikshuk's hut. One day the king saw her and fell in love with her. Then the king told his minister that he wanted to marry her.  So the minister asked Buddha Bhikshuk for his consent for the marriage of the girl-with the king. The Bhikshuk told, if the king accepted Buddhism, he would then agree to the marriage. Though the king was a Jain, but his love for the girl made him mad. The king agreed to the condition and married her. He made that girl the chief queen (Patrani). He loved her much more than his first queen Urvila who was a Samyagdrasti, and who did not feel unhappy.

In the Ashtanhika Parva of Falgun Mas, Urvila organised the chariot festival of lord Mahavira. Chief queen told the king that she too wanted to perform the chariot festival and her chariot should move ahead of Urvila's chariot. The king agreed to it. As the king was Mithyadrasti, he did not know which was the true religion - Jainism or Buddhism. Urvila knew the truth, so Urvila resolved that if her chariot would go ahead, then only she would take meals.

Thus she took a vow and went to Somdatta Acharya and Vajrakumar Muni.. At that time Divakardeva and other Vidyadhars had come to Vajarkumar Muni to have darshan. Vajrakumar Muni came to know everything from Urvila and told Vidyadhars to help Urvila in her chariot festival. They were Vidyadhars as such they could do anything. They could fly in the sky, and could change their bodies as they wished. So they made a beautiful and attractive chariot made of Gold, Silver and Ruby etc.

Urvila's chariot was not only ahead of the other chariot but it uplifted in the sky and revolved three times around the city of Mathura while Buddha Dasi's

55

 

 

chariot was broken at the beginning. Because of this, Buddhadasi and other people came to know the importance of Jain religion and understood that Jain religion was the real one, and all of them adopted it. Urvila had been successful in her chariot festival while the chief queen failed.

In this way Urvila and Vajrakumar became famous in the Prabhavana Anga of Samyagdarshan.

 

 

 

56

The End

 

 
 

 

 Back to fundamentals

 

 

                                                                                Contact: - JainPushp
                                                                           Email: jainpushp01@yahoo.com

                             copyright
                         All rights reserved