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   Fundamental Features of Jainism.

Indestructibility And Liberty of matter

By upadhyaya Munishri Kamakumar Nandi  

 

 

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According to the Jain philosophy, every matter is independent and imperishable. Every matter produces, changes from and remains in perfect existence. This current of production, consumption and existence goes on despite this current; the matter never loses its nature. This is why the virtue of deeds, normalcy, the especial samvaya and expression of depicting deficiency is not to be felt, in the domain of other ideologies. These are all stages of existence and matter.

  The scientific clarification of religion

Jainism has presented rational explanation of religion to the Indian culture. It saturated the religion with the nature of the object by removing it from performance of customs and rites.

Religion is the root “Kalp-Taru” (the tree of fulfillment of desire). The main gate to salvation and the ship makes us cross the ocean of world. “Vattu sahavo dhammo” Religion is the characteristic of substance. This has been incorporated with philosophy while defining religion. The ultimate goal of ideology is the ending of the suffering and attainment of salvation. The deliverance from pain is the renunciation and self-control; According to Jain holy scriptures there are seven substances. Respect and faith in seven substances is known as right belief. Realization of seven substances is known as right knowledge and their actual following is called the right conduct and character. The knowledge of the seven substances is called renunciation and detachment Jainism holds that without ideology, religion is nothing but an ordinary moral rule and does not have any special significance and without religion, ideology is simply wordy warfare. The Jain philosophy added to the Indian culture that the fundamental difference between respect for religion and the ideology principle is that the ideological view point is the many-folded theory of relativity. While the religious respect is the rigid application analyzed through the viewpoint, conducted and character lead to the attainment and fulfillment of life by mingling with knowledge. In the rendering of word and deed into uniformity, Jainism has given ample emphasis, and only then enlightenment of the Indians ‘conduct became admirable and appreciable.

In this respect, it has been well said: -

        Catastrophes come to an end through religion. The effect of wrong circulation of the planets is over; the enemies become defeated; where there is religion, there is always peace and victory. So religion must be practiced and followed.

Analysis of the principle of creation of universe

Jain philosophy has not looked upon God as the creator, supporter and devastator of the universe. It helps open the universe as the group of the endless, infinite, independent and fundamental objects and according to nature, moment or change goes on taking place. The system of the creation of the universe, planning and management, occurs on account of its own nature,. This cycle of change is devoid of the beginning and the end. There is juncture of uncountable and contradictory forces, and that is why change takes place in these objects at every movement. The universe is well arranged and well controlled in itself by means of its mutual cause and action. Science has also supported this principle later on. There is a strong proof of this fact in order to support this viewpoint, in the Indian culture and relativity has been emphasized.

Equalitarianism is the basis of social set-up and beginning of the uplift of all what is known as socialism and communalism in political language came to be known as Aparigrah (Non-possession) and so, as the Jain ideology supported the basis of the quality strongly by calling affinity and attachment as well as awakening of the feeling of mercy and in every human being, in the Indian mind. In addition to the hoarding of wealth and riches, this principle acted as an encouraging principle and sentiment. The Jain ideology holds it as the main, moral mistake to think and look upon God as the controller of the universe and to establish the privilege and purity of a single person at his command, so also to create selfishness. The door to equalitarianism and uplift of all has opened through renunciation and non-possession. The principle of non-possession alone can put an end to lack of generosity, and narrow mindedness. This possession sheltered and supported materialism and corruption.

In the Jain ideology, equalitariansm has been called supreme meditation.

The Jain teacher says that the joy and happiness that wise people think about feeling of equality regarding the matters follows the sentiment of infinite knowledge and this is what he holds firmly.

                             Secularism

Jainism is the religion that declares that non-communalism alone can maintain mutual goodwill, advancement and prosperity prevail on all sides. The virtues become covered with unnecessary tension and factions.  Man becomes enchained by too much of exaggeration to the adoration of his own gods and goddesses under the impression of narrow mindedness.

  Mutual sentiments should be respected. Through this alone we can get at the propriety of religiosity. The same has been described in Mahapurana.

What is definition of religion? He shows pity on all the creatures. He who gives up the false statements and follows the path of truth is the real follower of religion, or the characteristic of substance is called religion.

Adopting the above-mentioned religion is beneficial.

Whoever follows this definition of religion He alone is mundane soul (religious), whether he is a Brahmin, a shudra or any one because no mundane soul has ever got a glittering gem on his head like the serpent.

I have no favoritism towards Lord Mahaveer, nor do I entertain any ill will towards Kapil etc. I accept and own, hidden by my logical statement.

  A goad on fatalism

The supporters of the Indian culture who look upon God as the creator would become fatalistic, indolent after handling over the reins of rise and fall to God Himself if Jain philosophy had not presented to principle of action (Karma Siddant) on the forum.

  According to Jainisn philosophy, every creature is the creator of his own fate. One man can not be entitled to the fruits of another person. All are the owners and creators of their situations. As long as man enjoys his personal liberty and adopts good or bad stages himself according to his own actions, he himself is encouraged and guided. Then there is no need of any court, nor is there any requirement of judging God Despite being the doer of his bad deeds, a man can remove the lines of his evil action by means of his attempt and industry. The whole cycle of behavior and activity in the world goes on through three accounts-the inherent characteristic of substance, the attitude of their own way of conversion (parinaman) and the desire of being mutually influenced and modulated. When the creature alone came to feel and know the reality of this principle, it was then that man felt inspired towards getting the industrious way of life. At the same time, when it was aware the good or action as bad and depreciable, so also it follows man not only in this life but also the next, many other lives; only then man endeavors to follow good deed and then people do not tend to feel and back out from their mistakes by blaming others. It is the view of the honorable saints-

  Hundreds of millions of ages may pass; still the fruits of the actions do not get vanished and destroyed. Man has to face and undergo all actions whether good or bad, undoubtedly.

                                                                                                     The End

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