Jai Mahavir ji
Place of birth: Ayodhya, India
Fathers name: King Nabhiraya
Mother's name: Queen Marudevi
Emblem (chinha): Bullock
Body color: Golden
Name of wives : Yasavati and Sunanda
Date of birth: Caitra krisna 9
Date of Monk hood: Caitra krisna 9
Date of attaining Perfect
knowledge ( Kevala Jnana): Falguna Krsna 11
Date of Salvation (Nirvana): Magasira Krisna 14
Place of Salvation: Mount Kailasa
Total age: Many years
Bhagavana Risabhadeva was the first Tirthankara. He was born in Ayodhya. His father was king Nabhiraya. His mother was queen Marudevi a pious lady. Being the first Tirthankara, Bhagavana Risabhadeva is also known as Adi Natha.
At the time of conception, mother Marudevi had sixteen beautiful dreams. She was very happy and elated. Next morning, she requested King Nabhiraya to explain the meaning of the dreams. The King was very delighted. he told her that auspicious dreams indicate the conception of a world Savior and spiritual victor- Tirathankara.
When Risabhadeva was born, Saudharma-Indra came and performed the
“ Janmabhiseka”. Gradually, Bhagavana Risabhadeva attained adulthood and married Yasasvati and Sunanda. After some time , he was made the King. He taught for the first time, the art of Asi (constructive use of sword for protecting the weak), Masi (use of ink with pen and brush), Krisi (Agriculture), vidya (knowledge, Vanijay (trade and commerce) and silpa (Art , science and technology). These were the basic but harmless ways to fulfill every one’s primary needs for earning livelihood. So Bhagavana Risabhadeva was also known as “Prajapati”. Bharta and Bahubali were his famous sons. His eldest son Bharata was the first Cakravarti. Our country is known as Bharat desa after the name of his son Bharata . Risabhadeva had two daughters- Brahmi and Sundari. He taught them “Brahmi lipi”( First ancient script) and “Ank-Vidya” (Science of numbers) respectively.
One day, Celestial Apsara—Neelanjana died while dancing in the court. of Risabhadeva. Seeing this , he developed the feeling of Renunciation. He left all his worldly possessions and became a nude monk ( a Digambara sadhu). In Hindu scriptures (Vedas) and several puranas as well, name of Risabhadeva is mentioned with reverence.
After he became monk, he did penance for number of years and attained the perfect knowledge (keval-jnan). On attaining perfect knowledge he became Vitraga—one who is beyond attachment and aversion. He rid his soul of all karmas, which are cause of anger, pride or desire. He delivered his sermons from Samavsarana (Religious assembly). His sermons were to teach all to follow the path of salvation by following non – violence, truth, non-stealing, chastity and non-attachment.
Order of his religious followers was simple and scientific. It Was divided in four folds- nude-Monks (Muni), Lady-monks (Aryaka), house holder ( Sravaka) and lady house holder ( sravika).
Ultimately, when all his karmas were exhausted, he rid himself of his mortal body, attained Nirvana and became Sidha.
Renunciation: Giving up all attachments; all desires and all worldly possessions.
Rid : Make free.
Note:- All the words in italic are from PRAKRTA, SANSKRTA language.
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